Japanese Lesson (4) - How much?

<< Dialogue: Japanese >> 状況(じょうきょう):スミス()がデパートへ()(もの)()く。
<< Dialogue: English >> Situation: Mr. Smith goes shopping in the department store.
Clerk : May I help you, sir? (lit. "Welcome!")
Smith : Would you show me that, please?
Clerk : Certainly, sir. Here you are.
Smith : Hou much is this?
Clerk : 3,000 yen.
Smith : How much is that one?
Clerk : This one's 3,000 yen, too.
Smith : Well then, please give me that one.
Clerk : Very well, sir. Thank you.
<< Vocabulary >> 店員(てんいん):(store) clerk; いらっしゃいませ:come in!/Welcome!(greeting to customers in stores/restaurants);
それ:that/that one; を:(object marker,particle); ()せてください:please show me;
()せる:show;いくら:how much;〜(えん):yen(¥);も:too(particle); じゃ:well then...;
ください:please give me...;あれ:that (over there);傘:umbrella;テレビ:TV (set);ラジオ:radio;テープレコーダー:tape recorder;灰皿:ashtray;水:(cold) water;りんご:apple;レシート:receipt;では:well then;
<< Notes >>
  1. これ、それ

  2. Whereas English has only "this" and "that," Japanese has three separate indicators: これ,それ、and あれ. これ indicates somethings near the speaker. それ indicates somethings near the person spoken to. あれ indicates somethings not near either person. eg. これは(わたし)名刺(めいし)です。(This is my business card.)

  3. The particle も means "too, also, either." It is used in both affirmative and negative sentences.
    eg. それは3,000(えん)です。これも3,000(えん)です。"That one is ¥3,000. This one is ¥3,000, too." これは(わたし)(かさ)じゃありません。それも(わたし)のじゃありません。"This is not my umbrella. That's not mine, either."
  4. じゃ、それをください

  5. では and じゃ correspond to "well" or "well then," an interjection expressing conclusion or resignation.
  6. それをください

  7. ください, "please give me," follows the object (a noun referring to concrete things only) + object marker を. In this case, お(ねが)いします can be used instead of ください.
    eg. バナナをください。"Please give me some bananas."
  8. いくら, "how much"

  9. eg. このフイルムはいくらですか。"How much is this film?"
<< Key Sentences >>
  1. これは時計(とけい)です。"This is a watch."
  2. それも時計(とけい)です。"It is a watch, too."
  3. あれは3000(えん)です。"That one (over there) is ¥3,000."
  4. これをください。"Give me this one, please."
  5. あれもください。"Give me that one (over there), too, please."
<< Key Exercise >> Numbers: Memorize the numbers from 100 to 1,000,000,000,000 and note how decimals and fractions are read.
100: (ひゃく) 1,000: (せん) 10,000: 一万(いちまん)
200: 二百(にひゃく) 2,000: 二千(にせん) 100,000: 十万(じゅうまん)
300: 三百(さんびゃく) 3,000: 三千(さんぜん) 1,000,000: 百万(ひゃくまん)
400: 四百(よんひゃく) 4,000: 四千(よんせん) 10,000,000: 千万(せんまん)
500: 五百(ごひゃく) 5,000: 五千(ごせん) 100,000,000: 一億(いちおく)
600: 六百(ろっぴゃく) 6,000: 六千(ろくせん) 1,000,000,000: 十億(じゅうおく)
700: 七百(ななひゃく) 7,000: 七千(ななせん) 10,000,000,000: 百億(ひゃくおく)
800: 八百(はっぴゃく) 8,000: 八千(はっせん) 100,000,000,000: 千億(せんおく)
900: 九百(きゅうひゃく) 9,000: 九千(きゅうせん) 1,000,000,000,000: 一兆(いっちょう)
Intermediate numbers are made by combining the numbers composing them.

Decimals.(The word for "decimal point" is てん.)
0, れい、ゼロ
0.7 れいてんなな
0.29 れいてんにきゅう
0.538 れいてんごさんはち

Fractions.((ぶん) means "part.")
1/2 = に(ぶん)のいち, 1/4 = よん(ぶん)のいち, 2/3 = さん(ぶん)のに
<< Homework >>
  1. Complete the questions so that they fit the answers.
    1. それは((なに))ですか。これはテープレコーダーです。(tape recorder)
    2. これは(いくら)ですか。それは13,000(えん)です。
    3. こちらは(どなた)ですか。田中(たなか)さんです。
    4. (あれ)はいくらですか。あれは3,500(えん)です。
  2. Put the appropriate particles in the parentheses.
    1. これ()ください。
    2. これ()いくらですか。5,000(えん)です。

    3. それ()5,000(えん)ですか。はい、これ()5,000(えん)です。
  3. Answer with the appropriate expressions in Japanese.
    1. When you want a store clerk to show you an article that near him, what do you say?
    2. When you have decided to buy an article that is near you, what do you say to the clerk?
    3. When you want to know the price of an article near you, what do you say?
    4. What does a store clerk say when a customer enters the store?